KCGA Member Alert--
USDA Announces Market Facilitation Program Round 2
The Kansas Corn Growers Association said today the Trump Administration’s announcement of up to $14.5 billion in Market Facilitation assistance could be helpful for corn farmers impacted by market losses that are due in part to recent tariff increases and a trade dispute with China.
“It will be a while before we know how much assistance corn farmers will receive. We hope it more equitably reflects the market losses we’ve incurred than the program last fall that gave corn farmers a penny a bushel. We do respect USDA’s announcement today, which was intended to avoid impacting planting decisions.” KCGA CEO Greg Krissek said. “The best solution would be to address the ‘perfect storm’ of issues that are destroying demand for corn and products we make with corn, like ethanol.”
The program could provide some much-needed relief to corn farmers who are struggling with depressed foreign and domestic markets for corn and ethanol. Corn farmers are facing what is being called a “perfect storm” of issues.
“As farmers, we always face uncertainty. In addition to weather issues that are slowing planting; we continue to deal with many issues that are hurting exports as well as domestic markets for our crop,” Kansas Corn Growers Association President Steve Rome, Hugoton, said. “Except for the weather, much of this uncertainty falls on the shoulders of our government. A lot of this uncertainty can be lifted simply by helping us have access to markets for our corn, ethanol, red meat and other corn products. This aid will help, but market access is the type of aid our farmers prefer.”
USDA announced the second round of the Market Facilitation Program today. While Kansas Corn Growers Association is still analyzing this program, here is what we know for corn and other commodities:
- The MFP Payment will provide $14.5 billion in direct payments to producers. Payment rates for individual crops were not announced today.
- Producers will receive a payment based on a single county rate multiplied by a farm’s total plantings to those crops in aggregate in 2019. Those per acre payments are not dependent on which of those crops are planted in 2019, and therefore will not distort planting decisions. Moreover, total payment-eligible plantings cannot exceed total 2018 plantings.
- The payment will be based on a single county rate times the planted acres as of July 15. The payment will be split into three payments: Late July; and “if needed” November and January payments.
- Prevented planting acres will be excluded. You will not receive payments if you do not plant, a USDA official stated.
- Further details regarding eligibility and payment rates will be released at a later date.
NCGA’s Perfect Storm Document: 05-23-2019 TPs Perfect Storm
See the USDA News Release below:
USDA NEWS RELEASE:
USDA Announces Support for Farmers Impacted by Unjustified Retaliation and Trade Disruption
Release & Contact Info
Release No. 0078.19
Contact: USDA Press
(Washington, D.C., May 23, 2019) – U.S. Secretary of Agriculture Sonny Perdue today announced that the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) will take several actions to assist farmers in response to trade damage from unjustified retaliation and trade disruption. President Trump directed Secretary Perdue to craft a relief strategy to support American agricultural producers while the Administration continues to work on free, fair, and reciprocal trade deals to open more markets in the long run to help American farmers compete globally. Specifically, the President has authorized USDA to provide up to $16 billion in programs, which is in line with the estimated impacts of unjustified retaliatory tariffs on U.S. agricultural goods and other trade disruptions. These programs will assist agricultural producers while President Trump works to address long-standing market access barriers.
“China hasn’t played by the rules for a long time and President Trump is standing up to them, sending the clear message that the United States will no longer tolerate their unfair trade practices, which include non-tariff trade barriers and the theft of intellectual property. President Trump has great affection for America’s farmers and ranchers, and he knows they are bearing the brunt of these trade disputes. In fact, I’ve never known of a president that has been more concerned or interested in farmer wellbeing and long-term profitability than President Trump,” said Secretary Perdue. “The plan we are announcing today ensures farmers do not bear the brunt of unfair retaliatory tariffs imposed by China and other trading partners. Our team at USDA reflected on what worked well and gathered feedback on last year’s program to make this one even stronger and more effective for farmers. Our farmers work hard, are the most productive in the world, and we aim to match their enthusiasm and patriotism as we support them.”
American farmers have dealt with unjustified retaliatory tariffs and years of non-tariff trade disruptions, which have curtailed U.S. exports to China. Trade damages from such retaliation and market distortions have impacted a host of U.S. commodities, including crops like soybeans, corn, wheat, cotton, rice, and sorghum; livestock products like milk and pork; and many fruits, nuts, and other crops. High tariffs disrupt normal marketing patterns, raising costs by forcing commodities to find new markets. Additionally, American goods shipped to China have been slowed from reaching market by unusually strict or cumbersome entry procedures, which affect the quality and marketability of perishable crops. These boost marketing costs and unfairly affect our producers. USDA will use the following programs to assist farmers:
- Market Facilitation Program (MFP) for 2019, authorized under the Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) Charter Act and administered by the Farm Service Agency (FSA), will provide $14.5 billion in direct payments to producers.
- Producers of alfalfa hay, barley, canola, corn, crambe, dry peas, extra-long staple cotton, flaxseed, lentils, long grain and medium grain rice, mustard seed, dried beans, oats, peanuts, rapeseed, safflower, sesame seed, small and large chickpeas, sorghum, soybeans, sunflower seed, temperate japonica rice, upland cotton, and wheat will receive a payment based on a single county rate multiplied by a farm’s total plantings to those crops in aggregate in 2019. Those per acre payments are not dependent on which of those crops are planted in 2019, and therefore will not distort planting decisions. Moreover, total payment-eligible plantings cannot exceed total 2018 plantings.
- Dairy producers will receive a per hundredweight payment on production history and hog producers will receive a payment based on hog and pig inventory for a later-specified time frame.
- Tree nut producers, fresh sweet cherry producers, cranberry producers, and fresh grape producers will receive a payment based on 2019 acres of production.
- These payments will help farmers to absorb some of the additional costs of managing disrupted markets, to deal with surplus commodities, and to expand and develop new markets at home and abroad.
- Payments will be made in up to three tranches, with the second and third tranches evaluated as market conditions and trade opportunities dictate. The first tranche will begin in late July/early August as soon as practical after Farm Service Agency crop reporting is completed by July 15th. If conditions warrant, the second and third tranches will be made in November and early January.
- Additionally, CCC Charter Act authority will be used to implement a $1.4 billion Food Purchase and Distribution Program (FPDP) through the Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) to purchase surplus commodities affected by trade retaliation such as fruits, vegetables, some processed foods, beef, pork, lamb, poultry, and milk for distribution by the Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) to food banks, schools, and other outlets serving low-income individuals.
- Finally, the CCC will use its Charter Act authority for $100 million to be issued through the Agricultural Trade Promotion Program (ATP) administered by the Foreign Agriculture Service (FAS) to assist in developing new export markets on behalf of producers.
Further details regarding eligibility and payment rates will be released at a later date.
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